Samuel Douglas came to Illinois in 1804, with John McClinton, and David and James Anderson. He was then but ten years old. Having reached man's estate, he married, and became an influential, leading man in his settlement. In 1822, Samuel Douglas, with James Bean, Thomas McBride, James Redpath, and some others, relocated to, and made, a settlement in Hitchcock prairie. 

Samuel was born 31 Mar 1796 at Abbeville, South Carolina, a predominantly Irish settlement, to his parents, John Douglas and his wife Susan. Samuel left Abbeville, South Carolina with about thirty other family friends, including his father, John Douglas, and John McClinton, and David and James Anderson. They all settled at the Irish Settlement of Randolph County, Illinois at the mouth of Plumb Creek. Shortly after arriving, John Douglas returned to his wife and other children at Abbeville, South Carolina, and there they continued to raise the remainder of their family until their deaths. Samuel remained on the frontier with the Andersons and other family friends, as he was then but eight years old.

Samuel signed up as a soldier for the War of 1812 as evidenced by his wife's War of 1812 pension application.

Samuel married Mary M. "Polly" Thompson, who was also from Abbeville, South Carolina. They married 13 Aug 1817 at Randolph County, Illinois and had the following children:

  1. John Anderson Douglas
  2. George W. Douglas
  3. Hannah Douglas
  4. Samuel H. Douglas
  5. James T. Douglas
  6. Sarah C. Douglas
  7. William R. Douglas

Samuel held the office of Commissioner on the County Commissioner's Court in 1838.. 

Samuel and Polly were living with all their children except John during the 1850 census for Township 5 S R 7 W, Randolph, Illinois. Also living with them at that time were Andrew Diver, Henry Loseby, John Shmin, Frederick Belch, and John Silver Belch. 

Samuel died 14 Dec 1851 at Preston, Randolph, Illinois.

References:

  1. The History of Randolph County, Illinois, Including Old Kaskaskia Island pages 47, 65, and 122.
  2. Find A Grave - Samuel Douglas
  3. Combined History of Randolph, Monroe, and Perry Counties, Illinois page 406